UGent develops “sponge” to extract CO2 from exhaust gases

Summary

A technique developed by researchers at Ghent University and Berkeley reduces the cost of extracting CO2 from exhaust gases

Nano-porous sponge

The centre for molecular modelling at Ghent University (UGent) and the University of California in Berkeley have developed a new technology to extract carbon dioxide (CO2) from exhaust gases.

The universities focused on carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), a technology that captures exhaust gases from power plants and stores them underground. The method helps reduce the emission of CO2 in the atmosphere, but the high working cost of the process has always been a problem.

The new technique (pictured) is based on the use of nano-porous materials, which function as a CO2 sponge. The material has pores that are not much bigger than CO2 molecules. When there is contact with exhaust gases, the “sponge” only absorbs CO2.

In conventional CCS, the sponge is then “squeezed out” by heating it, thus removing the CO2. This process requires a lot of energy and is expensive. With the new method, the sponge is submerged in water, which removes the CO2 from the material. The water is then removed by bringing the sponge into contact with the hot exhaust gases.

Through this approach, no energy has to be added for the process and the working cost is reduced. “This breakthrough brings the large-scale application of CCS a step closer,” UGent said in a statement. The research results were published in the magazine Energy & Environmental Science.

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Ghent University

Ghent University (UGent) is one of Flanders’ most pluralistic and liberal institutions of higher education, and its motto has long been “dare to think”. UGent is renowned for its research in bio and life sciences.
Latin - UGent was originally founded as a Latin-speaking state university by the Dutch king William I.
Nobel - Corneel Heymans, the only Fleming to have won a Nobel Prize, studied at the university.
Autonomy - UGent is the largest employer in East Flanders.
410

million euros in annual revenue

1 882

first female student admitted

1 930

Dutch becomes university’s official language